Bad breath can be more than a sign of a dental health problem. Halitosis can affect your confidence, your ability to socialize, and your quality of life. One in four people across the globe experience bad breath. There are many sources of halitosis ranging from the lingering odors of the last meal you ate to health issues that may have a more complicated explanation. Learning the causes of bad breath can help you combat halitosis and enjoy better oral health.
The odors that are commonly associated with bad breath include hydrogen sulfide, a gas produced by the bacteria that live in plaque, which smells like rotten eggs. Methyl mercaptan is caused by bacteria found near the gag reflex and in the gums and is frequently described as smelling like feces. Dimethyl sulphide is a bacteria found in the throat that is associated with post-nasal drip and sinus issues and smells much like rotten cabbage or gasoline.
Temporary bad breath can also come from foods. Meats and cheeses, spices and garlic or onions, alcohol, and sugary drinks can all contribute to bad breath. If you have a dry mouth, these odors can be amplified. “Morning breath” also stems from a lack of saliva – when you sleep, your mouth produces less saliva, and the odors that occur are accentuated by the drier oral environment.
There are many causes of bad breath, but the most common contributors include:
Low Saliva Production: Some people suffer from a condition called “Dry Mouth”, which can stem from genetics, the use of certain medications, or the overconsumption of stimulants. Smoking can also cause dry mouth.
Dehydration: Poor hydration can contribute to dry mouth and other sources of bad breath.
Poor Dental Hygiene: Bacteria can cause smelly breath, and the failure to remove bacteria can lead to gum disease and tooth decay, both of which can create foul odors.
Poor Diet: Poor gastrointestinal function and poor diet often lead to halitosis.
Unbalanced Oral Biome: The pH levels in your mouth can be unbalanced, along with the “good” bacteria that make up your mouth’s biome.
Some of the solutions for bad breath may seem obvious: drink lots of water, improve your diet, and be sure to brush your teeth. Flossing and brushing regularly are the most effective tools you can use to fight bad breath. Biannual visits to your dentist also help to keep your mouth clean and ensure that any problems that may arise are treated before they become major disasters. Using a tongue scraper may be helpful as well. Your tongue harbors bacteria that can cause bad breath, and removing that bacteria with a tongue scraper can help control the amount of bacteria in your mouth.
Although mouthwash may seem like a solution to bad breath, it may actually contribute to the problem. The alcohol in mouthwash can dry the tissues in your mouth and contribute to dry mouth. It also kills ALL the bacteria in your mouth, which can create an unhealthy balance by killing all the “good” bacteria that are part of your mouth biome. Talk with your dentist before using mouthwash to treat chronic bad breath. Your dentist may suggest a special mouth rinse or chewable probiotics to help achieve the proper balance and prevent bad breath.
If bad breath persists in spite of lifestyle changes, you should contact your doctor and discuss possible systemic issues such as gastrointestinal problems or upper respiratory complaints. If you are on medications that can cause dry mouth and bad breath, talk to your dentist about how you can offset these side effects and maintain your best possible oral health.
Overcoming your bad breath can liberate you to enjoy more situations without social anxiety. If you suffer from halitosis, Downtown Dental in Charlottesville can help! Call us at 434.971.7400 and let us help you banish bad breath!